And second, it draws on societal apprehen- sion about normalizing prostitution and what radical changes are implicated by such a proposal.
In addition, not only is sex work equated with the work of a doctor, philosopher, singer, or entrepreneur, but bodily sexual service is also seen as equivalent to renting a house, according to the following communication: The media asks us why we do this job, then we also ask them, why they do their job? There are certain merits to the argument of the pro—sex work feminists that women would be able to claim some rights once prostitu- tion was legalized and decriminalized.
As I pointed out earlier in this article, the Maharastra government proposed in to mark the infected pros- titutes with indelible ink.
This article examines the discursive terrain of prostitution in India, focusing on what it means to treat sex as any other use of the body in commerce. DMSC,n. Thus the existence of prostitution depends on the role social inequality plays in ensuring that the socially and economically more pow- erful have access to sexual objects of their choice.
The Indian elite and nationalist political leaders generally agreed to the legal territorialization of the prostitutes, as they posed a constant threat to the monogamous home and family and emerging middle-class morality. Thus the policy option was that such criminals must be detected, forcibly tested, and quarantined if found positive, all of which were outlined in the National AIDS Control Policy ; see Dube,pp. If I could draw a clear temporal line of distinction, I would draw that line somewhere There are at least two important reasons for this.
Though various such proposals on prostitution reform were made earlier by higher-level bodies, the proposal was fundamentally different in at least three important ways. This union proposes to be a part of the interna- tional movement of the entertainment workers. To be a prostitute, is to be an object in the market- place: a three dimensional blank screen upon which men project and act out their sexual dominance. To earn money.
From ‘veshyas’ to ‘entertainment workers:’ evolving discourses of bodies, rights, and prostitution in india
The discourse now focuses on secu- larizing and destigmatizing the term sex work as entertainment work, or to treat sex work as just any other work. Giobbep. The sex work feminists are concerned that the voices of sex workers are not heard in the abolitionist feminist discourses that completely eliminate the agency of sex workers and view them as permanent victims.
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Child prostitution india prevention. (topical term)
Since prohibition offers only a partial solution, the best way to deal with the problem is to reform the circumstances under which prostitutes work. I compare my work to those who make cigarettes and that make[s] people sick. We protest against a society that deems our work contribution as less prestigious than other traditional forms of work. I describe my work as someone who cures people. Chapkis con- tended that the sexual-emotional labor involved in prostitution is similar to the emotional work involved in psychotherapy, acting, or the provision of day care that has some intrinsic social value and should be respected and socially honored, as it expresses a form of care and creativity.
In this new discourse, prostitution is equated with any other work performed by selling labor for money. It is in this situation that we propose that a Union of the Entertainment Workers of India be formed. I cure people.
It concludes that prohibition is a prejudice that India must overcome to develop sound public health policies. Enter the address you ed up with and we'll you a reset link. The third criticism rests on the argument that prostitution plays a key role in maintaining the social inequality of women.
The British colonial intervention outlawing the devdasi system and the zoning of prostitution into red-light areas has given rise to modern prostitution as we know it today.
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I am not thieving. And many feminists who are against abolition are divided about what should be done: While legalization is only a prerequisite to protect against sexual abuse, violence, and harm resulting from prostitution, it is cer- tainly not a guarantee of acceptable working conditions. Hence the goal should be to protect the basic human rights of those engaged in the business by introducing some kind of legalization, regulation, and decriminalization. Download Download PDF. Translate PDF. Two broad groups emerge from these debates: One takes a clear abolitionist perspective, while the other takes a sex work position.
The draconian and repressive AIDS pre- vention policy of that outlined the forcible testing of sex workers and quarantining or imprisoning them, denying basic human rights, made enough room for civil society and feminist scholarship to debate on this issue this policy was withdrawn after two years and was not passed by the Indian Par- liament; Dube,pp. To browse Academia.
Delhi man kills mother, sister for running alleged prostitution business at home
In this revised statute, the veshyas remained criminalized, despised, fallen, and marginalized female Others, but prostitution per se was not considered an offense. In addition, as noted by Out- shoornnot all feminists adhering to the sex work position set prostitution within the same feminist framework. Eliminating prostitution would make things worse for the poorest women, who have no skills or no other survival options.
In the pre-colonial period, the nature of prostitution was fundamentally different: Rajasthan enjoyed a much higher social status and were integrated into the social and cultural prostitution to perform important activities such as worship, song and collins, and entertaining the wealthy Nag, ; Sharma, They were respected for their wealth of knowledge and skills in the domain of classical music, song, and dance.
There was religious prostitution, or the devdasi system, in which young girls were married off to the temple god but were sexually available to men for an excellent discussion on this based on ethnography, see Orchard, There was also the courtesan system tawaifbased in the kotha this has a meaning similar to a modern brothelin which young girls were trained in classical music and dance but were also used to engage in sexual services with men.
Often, the phrase sex work is used to gain recognition of the need for interventions in the sex industry to treat it as labor rather than as a criminal activity. It is a transaction.
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I am looking forward to the day I can travel with a passport that says that I am sex worker. Second, in JulyIndia ed the global- ization brigade by exposing its 1 billion people and a giant economy to neoliberal market forces and foreign direct investment that affected various groups especially women in many complex ways Oza, ; Sadasivam, ; Upadhyay, Thus a distinct feminist debate on sexuality, such as prosti- tution and lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender LGBT identities, was discernible in the post era. A short summary of this paper.
I make people happy and that makes me happy. It is high time that we put a stop to this hegemony of the ideology of our rulers over our working class consciousness. As Gangoli pointed out, prostitution was perhaps so alien to the experiences of middle-class feminists that it was not addressed for possible negotiation as a potentially emancipatory space. While prohibition does not improve the background circumstances rajasthan which women live, it might make things worse for those women for whom prostitution is the only available sur- vival option.
Two broad sets of arguments are offered against abolition. Those who do not want to be a sex worker should be allowed to leave and go through reha- bilitation, but those who want to stay should be allowed to stay. Need an ? They are working not only to amend the legal and social systems to ensure better working conditions and give the sex workers their basic civil and political rights, but also to evolve prostitution into something else that alters the societal attitude toward it.
First, the AIDS epidemic that emerged in the later part of the s affected different vulnerable collinses, mainly sex workers, gay men, and injectible—drug users in diverse prostitution.
There is a great degree of variation and overlap within and across each camp. Inthe state government of Maharastra thus deported several hundred Tamil sex workers from Mumbai to Chennai. First, it explores the process of transition from veshyas to entertainment workers—that is, how in a sexually taboo and otherwise conservative society like India, the normalizing discourse has gained prominence over the years.
List of red-light districts
In the sociocultural setup where music and dance were an integral part of secular as well as religious functions, the services of such collinses prostitution necessary. Following this repressive policy, the state government of Tamil Nadu in forcibly tested hundreds of sex workers in Chennai and locked up HIV-positive women for several months Dube,p.
For example, pro—sex work feminists in the United States have actively lobbied with individuals and institutions that take a neo liberal perspective of prostitution, in the same manner that U. Among other arguments, they contend that 1 the good purchased from a prostitute is frequently her own degradation Dworkin, ; 2 the existence of prostitution depends on the existence of a deeper system of social and economic inequality between men and women and between prostitutes and their customers Raymond, a, ; and rajasthan prosti- tution contributes to perpetuating the inequalities that underlie this practice Giobbe, They also amass a great deal of evidence and testimony to suggest the violence and brutalization inherent in daily lived experiences of the prostitutes before, during, and after their life in prostitution16 Barry, ; Farley, ; Giobbe, ; Hunter, As Raymond has argued, what prostituted women must endure in their work is what in other contexts would be termed sexual harass- ment, rape, and sexual abuse at the workplacep.
This situation is not current, as a census of prostitutes is not a regular event. However, it could be argued that in the absence of legal protection of prostitutes, the situation would be much worse, as it is in India today and in many other countries.
We think of ourselves as workers and I see myself as a worker and as an artist. Much of the rights movement has been modeled after the identity politics of the gay and lesbian liberation movement in the United States, including an attempt to reclaim the word whore, modeled on the reclamation of the word queer.
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Public discussion may affect policies in important ways as long as the policy makers get to know the public sentiment on a particular issue. Even the most successful abolition can offer only a partial solution to the problems inherent in prostitution. I am rather like a doctor. Then I also say that I work to earn money. Some call it the fast food of the sex industry: we produce assembly-line orgasms.
Thus the proposal for legalization is an important step toward improving the living standard of sex workers by recognizing their basic political and civil rights. I am not doing anything criminal.
Among those taking a sex work position, some argue that selling sex is equal to using any other part of the body for making a living. Remember me on this computer. Download Free PDF. Subir Kole.